TMS Therapy for Bipolar Disorder

fMRI-TMS for Those with
Bipolar Disorders

fMRI-TMS Proves Greater Wellness for those with Bipolar Disorder also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.

There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes.

Types of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar I Disorder

Bipolar I Disorder is defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Episodes of depression with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible.

Bipolar II Disorder

Bipolar II Disorder is defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes described above.

Cyclothymic Disorder

Cyclothymic Disorder (also called cyclothymia) is defined by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms as well numerous periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents). However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.

Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders

Other specified and unspecified bipolar and related disorders are defined by bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the three categories listed above. Open-label and sham-controlled clinical trials using TMS for the treatment of bipolar mania have shown significant improvements in symptoms1-4. With fMRI imaging, we can identify the network(s) not functioning properly that causes these manic episodes to occur. With this technology, we can treat the specific areas precisely with a personalized treatment plan and precise Neuronavigation.

References

2. Oberman, L. M., Enticott, P. G., Casanova, M. F., Rotenberg, A., Pascual-Leone, A., McCracken, J. T., & TMS in ASD Consensus Group (2016). Transcranial magnetic stimulation in autism spectrum disorder: Challenges, promise, and roadmap for future research. Autism Res. 2016 Feb; 9(2): 184–203.

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Neurotherapeutix is the leading clinic for functional imaging guided transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a safe, innovative, and non-invasive methodology for treating a wide range of acute and chronic mental disorders and brain injuries. Our advanced fMRI technology allows us to map the brain for the… Learn More »

Published: March 24, 2023NYC

Last Reviewed: January 10, 2024

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